Lymes is a growing problem in Europe, Africa, Australia, Asia and in America.
A team from the University of Bath and colleagues from the UK and USA has shown that Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacteria that is responsible to Lymes, came from Europe, developed from before the Ice Age. Researchers hope to be able to foresee how this bacterium will continue developing, and discover ways to avoid its increase.
They learned the evolutionary history of the bacteria by examining sixty-four different samples taken from infected people and ticks in Europe and America. The study’s findings show that the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi has developed in Europe, originating from before the Ice Age. The species has been present in North America for a very long time.
The researchers suggest that its reappearance in North America in the 1970s occurred after the geographic territory of the tick that carries the bacteria expanded (such as through forests restoration).
Understanding the huge occurrence of Lymes disease is essential for a suitable perception of the infection. Only when we recognize its exact scoop severity and ability to spread, will we be ready to face Lyme disease, as we should be. Accurate understanding of the terrible nature of Lymes gives us enough recognition to take it seriously and fight to heal, and gives doctors and researchers the necessary perspective to allocate the required funds and abilities to its thorough investigation. Latest study confirms the occurrence of Lymes on all corners of the world.
United States – Lymes disease is the top infectious disease in terms of spread rate. Out of every 100,000 individuals, 7.9 have Lymes in the ten states where Lymes is most common, the average was 31.6 cases for every 100,000 persons for the year 2005.Out of 51 states, forty-nine states report of having cases of Lymes.
About 99% of all reported cases are confined to just five geographic areas (New England, Mid-Atlantic, East-North Central, South Atlantic, and West North-Central). Other animal species like flies, mosquitoes, fleas and lizards are also suggested to successfully transmit Lymes to human beings.
Nearly every state in the United States has reported cases of Lymes disease, but the disease is concentrated in the east coastal states, the north central states, and northern California. Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Wisconsin reports for about 90% of all Lymes cases.
Canada – The Canadian Center for Disease Control: “the black-legged tick has a wide geographical distribution in Ontario, with a detected range extending at least as far north as the 50th parallel, and four out of five regions of Ontario affected.” British Columbia was declared an endemic region for Lymes in 1994. Lymes is found In Alberta to be common in rabbit ticks.
According to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), Lymes is mostly found in parts of British Columbia, southern and eastern Ontario, southeastern Manitoba, and parts of Nova Scotia.
Central and South America – In South America tick-borne disease recognition and occurrence is rising. Caribbean, Colombia, Bolivia, Mexico, Chile, Brazil, Argentina, Costa Rica, and other countries have reported isolated, although increasing, incidences of the Lymes . The earliest reported case of Lymes in Brazil was made in 1993 in Sao Paulo.
Part 2 – Lymes in Europe
The problem of Lymes has no borders. It does not know any nationalities or races, and no political systems. As a powerful bacterial disease, Lymes simply spreads and if something is not done, the worldwide cases of Lymes will do nothing but continue to boost.